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I manage a vSphere environment at work, and it is a real change from the last few years when I spent all of my time talking about Hyper-V. I want to be clear – it is not better or worse, it is just… different. We have a number of virtualization hosts, plus a physical domain controller, and one physical server running Windows Server 2008 R2 (Enterprise), which has an app running that precludes us from changing that. The app hardly uses any memory, so a lot of that was wasted.
While my physical server does not have a lot of RAM (8GB) it has a ridiculous amount of internal storage… I mean terabytes and terabytes of it. I asked my boss about it, and he said it was there for something that they no longer use the server for… but it’s there… wasted as well… for now.
A few weeks ago I proposed a project that would require use of that space, and it was tentatively approved. The problem is that the existing application and the proposed application are not supposed to co-exist on the same server. I would have to come up with a way to segregate them. No problem… I would install the Hyper-V role onto the physical server, and then create a new virtual machine for my purposes.
Once I explained to my boss that no extra licensing was required – because the physical server is licensed for Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise Edition, we could build as many as four virtual machines on the same license on that host – he got excited, and asked the usual ‘what else can we do?’ questions.
‘Can we cluster the virtual machine?’
No. I mean, we could, but it would require having a second Hyper-V host which we do not have. There is nothing we can do about that without incurring extra costs… and the purpose of the exercise is to do it for zero dollars.
‘Can we use Storage Spaces?’
No. Storage Spaces is a great technology – one that I really loved talking about when I was working with Microsoft. However it is a feature that was only introduced in Windows Server 2012, and we are only on Server 2008 R2.
‘Can we create the VM using 64TB .vhdx drives?’
No. Again, .VHDX files were only introduced in Windows Server 2012. We are limited to 2TB .VHD files… which is more than enough for our actual needs anyways.
‘How about UEFI Boot on the VM’
Nope. Generation 2 hardware was introduced in Windows Server 2012 R2, so we are stuck with Generation 1 hardware.
So after he struck out on all of these questions, he asked me the question I was expecting… ‘Then why bother?’
I became a fan of Hyper-V as soon as it was released in Windows Server 2008. Yes, the original. I was not under any delusions that it was as good as or better than ESX, but it was free and it didn’t require anything to install… and if you knew Windows then you didn’t need to learn much more to manage it.
Of course it got much better in Windows Server 2008 R2, and even better in the SP1 release… and then in Windows Server 2012 it broke through, and was (in my opinion) as good as or better than vSphere… in some ways it was almost as good, in some ways it was better, and in the balance it came out even. Of course Server 2012 R2 made even better improvements, but when I spent three years with Microsoft Canada – first as a Virtual Partner Technology Advisor and then as a Virtual Evangelist – criss-crossing the country (and the US and the globe) evangelizing Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012 I was confident when I said that at last Microsoft Virtualization was on a par with VMware.
I would never have said that about Hyper-V in Windows Server 2008 R2. Sorry Microsoft, it was good… but vSphere was better.
However in this case we are not comparing Microsoft versus VMware… we are not deciding which platform to implement, because VMware is not an option. We are not even comparing the features of vOld versus vNew… because vNew is still not an option.
All we are deciding is this: Does the version of Hyper-V that is available to us for this project good enough for what our needs are for the project? Let’s review:
- We need to create a virtual machine with 4GB of RAM. YES.
- We need that VM to support up to 4TB of storage. YES. (We cannot do it on a single volume, but that is not a requirement)
- We need the VM to be able to join a domain with FFL and DFL of Windows Server 2008 R2. YES.
- We need the virtual machine to be backed up on a nightly basis using the tools available to us. YES
That’s it… we have no other requirements. All of our project needs are met by Hyper-V on Windows Server 2008 R2. Yes, Microsoft would love for us to pay to upgrade the host operating system, but they got their money for this server when we bought the license in 2011, and unless they are willing to give us a free upgrade (there is no Software Assurance on the existing license) and pay to upgrade the existing application to work on Server 2012R2 then there is nothing that we can do for them… and frankly if we were in the position where we were going to have to redeploy the whole server, it would be on VMware anyways, because that is what our virtualization environment runs on.
I spent two years evangelizing the benefits of a hybrid virtualization environment, and how well it can be managed with System Center 2012 R2… and that is what we are going to have. I have purchased the System Center licenses and am thrilled that I will be able to manage both my vSphere and my Hyper-V from one console… and for those of you who were paying attention that is what I spent the last three years recommending.
I can hold my head up high because I am running my environment exactly how I recommended all of you run yours… so many of my audience complained (when I was with Microsoft) that my solutions were not real-world because the real world was not exclusively Microsoft. That was never what I was recommending… I was recommending that the world does not need to be entirely VMware either… the two can coexist very well… with a little bit of knowledge and understanding!
As a subject matter expert (SME) on virtualization, I was neither excited nor intimidated when Microsoft announced their new exam, 74-409: Server Virtualization with Windows Server Hyper-V and System Center. Unlike many previous exams I did not rush out to be the first to take it, nor was I going to wait forever. I actually thought about sitting the exam in Japan in December, but since I had trouble registering there and then got busy, I simply decided to use my visit to Canada to schedule the exam.
This is not the first exam that I have gone into without so much as a glance at the Overview or the Skills Measured section of the exam page on the Internet. I did not do any preparation whatsoever for the exam… as you may know I have spent much of the last five years living and breathing virtualization. This attitude very nearly came back to bite me in the exam room at the Learning Academy in Hamilton, Ontario Wednesday morning.
Having taught every Microsoft server virtualization course ever produced (and having written or tech-reviewed many of them) I should have known better. Virtualization is more than installing Hyper-V. it’s more than just System Center Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) and Operations Manager (OpsMgr). It is the entire Private Cloud strategy… and if you plan to sit this exam you had better have more than a passing understanding of System Center Service Manager (ServMgr), Data Protection Manager (DPM), and Orchestrator. Oh, and your knowledge should extend beyond more than one simple Hyper-V host.
I have long professed to my students that while DPM is Microsoft’s disaster recovery solution, when it comes down to it just make sure that your backup solution does everything that they need, and make sure to test it. While I stand behind that statement for production environments, it does not hold water when it comes to Microsoft certification exams. When two of the first few questions were on DPM I did a little silent gulp to myself… maybe I should have prepared a little better for this.
I do not use Service Manager… It’s not that I wouldn’t – I have a lot of good things to say about it. Heck, I even installed it as recent as yesterday – but I have not used it beyond a passing glance. The same used to be true of System Center Orchestrator, but over the last year that has changed a lot… I have integrated it into my courseware, and I have spent some time learning it and using it in production environments for repetitive tasks. While I am certainly not an expert in it, I am at least more than just familiar with it. That familiarity may have helped me on one exam question. Had I taken the time to review the exam page on the Microsoft Learning Experience website I would have known that the word Orchestrator does not appear anywhere on the page.
Here’s the problem with Microsoft exams… especially the newer ones that do not simply cover a product, but an entire solution across multiple suites. Very few of us will use and know every aspect covered on the exam. That is why I have always professed that no matter how familiar you may be with the primary technology covered, you should always review the exam page and fill in your knowledge gaps with the proper studying. You should even spend a few hours reviewing the material that you are pretty sure you do know. As I told my teenaged son when discussing his exams, rarely will you have easy exams… if you feel it was easy it just means you were sufficiently prepared. Five questions into today’s exam I regretted my blasé attitude towards it – I may be a virtualization expert, but I was not adequately prepared.
As I went through the exam I started to get into a groove… while there are some aspects of Hyper-V that I have not implemented, those are few and far between. the questions about VHDX files, Failover Clustering, Shared VHDX, Generation 2 VMs, and so many more came around and seemed almost too easy, but like I told my son it just means I am familiar with the material. There were one or two questions which I considered to be very poorly worded, but I reread the questions and the answers and gave my best answer based on my understanding of them.
I have often described the time between pressing ‘End Exam’ and the appearance of the Results screen to be an extended period of excruciating forced lessons in patience. That was not the case today – I was surprised that the screen came up pretty quickly. While I certainly did not ace the exam, I did pass, and not with the bare minimum score. It was certainly a phew moment for a guy who considers himself pretty smart in virtualization.
Now here’s the question… is the exam a really tough one, or was I simply not prepared and thus considered it tough? And frankly, how tough could it have been if I didn’t prepare, and passed anyways? I suppose that makes two questions. The answer to both is that while I did not prepare for the exam, I am considered by many (including Microsoft) a SME on Hyper-V and System Center. I can say with authority that it was a difficult exam. That then leads to the next question, is it too tough? While I did give that some thought as I left the exam (my first words to the proctor was ‘Wow that was a tough exam!) I do not think it is unreasonably so. It will require a lot of preparation – not simply watching the MVA Jump Start videos (which are by the way excellent resources, and should be considered required watching for anyone planning to sit the exam). You will need to build your own environment, do a lot of reading and research, and possibly more.
If you do plan to sit this exam, make sure you visit the exam page first by clicking here. Make sure you expand and review the Overview and Skills Measured sections. If you review the Preparation Materials section it will refer you to a five day course that is releasing next week from Microsoft Learning Experience – 20409A- Server Virtualization with Windows Server Hyper-V and System Center (5 Days). I am proud to say that I was involved with the creation of that course, and that it will help you immensely, not only with the exam but with your real-world experience.
Incidentally, passing the exam gives you the following cert: Microsoft Certified Specialist: Server Virtualization with Hyper-V and System Center.
Good luck, and go get em!
“On the first day of Christmas my true love gave to me…”
“Ninety-nine bottles of beer on the wall…”
“Thirty-five articles on Virtualization…”
Wait… you’ve never heard the last one? That’s okay, we are happy to teach it to you. It has a pretty catchy tune – the tune of cost savings, lower TCO, higher ROI, and a complete end-to-end management solution.
Even if you can’t remember the lyrics, why don’t you open up the articles – each one written by a member of Microsoft’s team of IT Pro Evangelists in the United States.
You can read along at your own pace, because no matter how fast or slow you read, as long as you are heading in the right direction then you are doing it right! –MDG
The 35 Articles on Virtualization:
|12-Aug-13||Series Introduction||Kevin Remde – @KevinRemde|
|13-Aug-13||What is a “Purpose-Built Hypervisor?||Kevin Remde – @KevinRemde|
|14-Aug-13||Simplified Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2012 Host Patching = Greater Security and More Uptime||Chris Avis – @ChrisAvis|
|15-Aug-13||Reducing VMware Storage Costs WITH Windows Server 2012 Storage Spaces||Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer|
|16-Aug-13||Does size really matter?||Brian Lewis – @BrianLewis_|
|19-Aug-13||Let’s talk certifications!||Matt Hester – @MatthewHester|
|20-Aug-13||Virtual Processor Scheduling||Tommy Patterson – @Tommy_Patterson|
|21-Aug-13||FREE Zero Downtime Patch Management||Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer|
|22-Aug-13||Agentless Protection||Chris Avis – @ChrisAvis|
|23-Aug-13||Site to Site Disaster Recovery with HRM||Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer|
|25-Aug-13||Destination: VMWorld||Jennelle Crothers – @jkc137|
|26-Aug-13||Get the “Scoop” on Hyper-V during VMworld||Matt Hester – @MatthewHester|
|27-Aug-13||VMWorld: Key Keynote Notes||Kevin Remde – @KevinRemde|
|28-Aug-13||VMWorld: Did you know that there is no extra charge?||Kevin Remde – @KevinRemde|
|29-Aug-13||VMWorld: A Memo to IT Leadership||Yung Chou – @YungChou|
|30-Aug-13||Moving Live Virtual Machines, Same But Different||Matt Hester – @MatthewHester|
|02-Sep-13||Not All Memory Management is Equal||Dan Stolts – @ITProGuru|
|03-Sep-13||Can I get an app with that?||Matt Hester – @MatthewHester|
|04-Sep-13||Deploying Naked Servers||Matt Hester – @MatthewHester|
|05-Sep-13||Automated Server Workload Balancing||Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer|
|06-Sep-13||Thoughts on VMWorld||Jennelle Crothers – @jkc137|
|09-Sep-13||Shopping for Private Clouds||Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer|
|11-Sep-13||Dynamic Storage Management in Private Clouds||Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer|
|12-Sep-13||Replaceable? or Extensible? What kind of virtual switch do you want?||Chris Avis – @ChrisAvis|
|13-Sep-13||Offloading your Storage||Matt Hester – @MatthewHester|
|16-Sep-13||VDI: A Look at Supportability and More!||Tommy Patterson – @Tommy_Patterson|
|17-Sep-13||Agentless Backup for Virtual Environments||Special Guest Chris Henley – @ChrisJHenley|
|19-Sep-13||How robust is your availability?||Kevin Remde – @KevinRemde|
|20-Sep-13||VM Guest Operating System Support||Brian Lewis – @BrianLewis_|
|23-Sep-13||How to license Windows Server VMs||Brian Lewis – @BrianLewis_|
|24-Sep-13||Comparing vSphere 5.5 and Windows Server 2012 R2 Hyper-V At-A-Glance||Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer|
|25-Sep-13||Evaluating Hyper-V Network Virtualization as an alternative to VMware NSX||Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer|
|26-Sep-13||Automation is the Key to Happiness||Matt Hester – @MatthewHester|
|27-Sep-13||Comparing Microsoft’s Public Cloud to VMware’s Public Cloud||Blain Barton – @BlainBar|
|30-Sep-13||What does AVAILABILITY mean in YOUR cloud?||Keith Mayer – @KeithMayer|
…and as for me? Well it’s pretty simple… just go to www.garvis.ca and type Virtualization into the search bar. You’ll see what I have to say too!
it is pretty well known that for Live Migration to work in Hyper-V, the CPUs on the hosts must be of the same family (Intel to Intel, AMD to AMD). However it is not as simple as that.
Both companies are constantly improving their products, so a CPU that Intel makes in 2013 will have more features than one they made in 2010, and because of that they will not be compatible for Live Migration. In theory then, the Live Migration window is really closer to eighteen months before you are out of band.
So how impractical would it be if both VMware and Microsoft told companies that in order to have Live Migration their servers had to be less than eighteen months apart? So several years ago Intel and VMware got together and addressed the problem. The result was what they called Enhanced vMotion Compatibility (EVC). Essentially what they do for servers in a cluster where EVC is enabled is they simply mask the advanced features of the newer CPUs, which are usually only needed for sound and video and thus not for the majority of business servers.
Microsoft then introduced Hyper-V, and overnight (five years later) they are a real player in the virtualization realm. In fact, there are some people who would say that they are equal to or better than VMware. They need to implement a similar feature to prevent the same issue. Unfortunately they can’t call it EVC because that includes VMware’s trademark vMotion. Being better with technology than they are with marketing, they settled on calling it ‘Migrate to a physical computer with a different processor version…’ or MTAPCWADPV. Try to say that three times fast ;)
While their feature name is nowhere near as easy as the equivalent from their competition, the technology is applied to the virtual machine rather than to the cluster. So in your environment you could have a cluster where some VMs could migrate to some hosts but not to others.
Now here’s the misconception: People seem to think that by enabling MTAPCWADPV you are sacrificing performance on your VMs. Nothing could be further from the truth.
The performance reduction of CPU compatibility mode is a myth. What MTAPCWADPV does is it masks the newer features of the CPU – mostly multi-media signatures and such – but does not otherwise hobble the CPU. Unless your VM requires those newer features there will be absolutely no performance decrease to the VM. If they have VMs that DO need the newer CPU features then leave those on the newer blades.
The other myth, of course, is that it allows you to Live Migrate from Intel to AMD or vice versa. Unfortunately that is not possible. Will it be in the future? Who knows… but under the hood the two families are still different enough that I don’t expect to see it anytime soon.
- So now that you know, go enable MTAPCWADPV! Here’s how:
- Open the Settings window of your VM
- Expand the Processor section.
- Click on Compatibility.
- Select the check box called Migrate to a physical computer with a different processor version.
That’s it! The only caveat is that the VM must be turned off before you do it. Messing with the processor is not something you want to do live ;)
Live Migration can be performed between any servers with compatible CPUs… as long as they are within the same family. Try it yourself!
Over the past few months I have recorded a number of webinars and webcasts on a plethora of topics around virtualization, but the one that seems to have gotten the most attention is the one I did for VMTraining that pitted me against Jeff Weiss – Microsoft versus VMware.
A few days later Richard Campbell, the host of RunAs Radio, reached out to ask if I would be interested in doing a similar discussion with him, but this time just ‘Why Microsoft Virtualization is better than VMware.’ I am always happy to sit down with Richard, so we did so last week.
Show #330 is not my first appearance on RunAs Radio. In fact it is my sixth, dating back to their first year on the air – October of 2007. I hope I have become a bit more polished since then, and hope you enjoy listening to this latest episode!
In July I presented my first webcast with BrightTalk. They were putting together a series on virtualization, and asked if I would be able to speak about VDI and Desktop Virtualization strategies. It was my pleasure!
The webcast is now available on-line. I encourage you to download it, and let me know what you think!
Download the webcast here!
Over the past few months I have been doing more and more work in VDI – Virtual Desktop Infrastructure. Recently I wrote an editorial piece for WServerNews.com titled VD Why? VD Sigh… or VD Aye!
VDI has the potential to save organizations immense amounts of money, but some of those savings would be wasted if the environment is not planned and architected with all efficiencies taken into consideration.
For several years now I have been discussing the secure, well-managed IT infrastructure and the savings realized by doing VDI right are serious. We have to start by knowing an understanding the components available to us.
Today I will be presenting a webinar for the BrightTALK Virtualization Summit. I am calling it Actual Reality: Desktop Virtualization Solutions from Microsoft. I will discuss all of the components available to build a homogeneous Microsoft VDI environment.
While Microsoft’s OS and productivity applications have been components of the VDI landscape for years, but until recently any environment larger than a few score desktops required a third party provider (usually Citrix) to provide and manage the infrastructure.
While Microsoft is a relatively newcomer to the game, they have the background and products to do it right. I will be discussing these components during the webinar.
Got 45 minutes? I hope you will join us! Register at https://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/286/80725 now to ensure your place. I will be taking questions of course, but I am hoping to continue the conversation in this space over the next few months. Let’s discuss it and get you on board!
Register now at https://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/286/80725